The endometrium is a lining that coats the uterus. Each month when the ovaries release an egg, the endometrial lining, also known as the uterine lining, thickens in preparation for an embryo. The uterine lining provides nourishment and sustenance for an embryo and is a necessary part of pregnancy. When the lining is thin, usually less than 7mm, the body cannot sustain an embryo and a growing fetus.
In the field of regenerative medicine, cell therapy has pioneered novel approaches for the treatment of injured endometrium. These cells are undifferentiated with the characteristics of paracrine, immune regulation, and multi-directional differentiation which have shown favorable outcomes.